Washington -- Under the first standards proposed for work vehicles, large trucks will be obligated to cut emissions by as much as 20 percent.
The Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Transportation Safety Administration disclosed Monday the standards. The standards set a 20 percent emission reduction for tractor-trailer trucks; for heavy duty pickups and vans, a 10 percent reduction for gas-powered and 15 percent reduction for diesel-powered. Garbage trucks, motor homes, and buses are required to reduce emissions by 10 percent.
The proposal, in gear for final approval next year, would start in the 2014 model year and reach its full effect by the 2018 model year.
According to EPA Administrator Lisa Jackson, "These new standards are another step in our work to develop a new generation of clean, fuel-efficient American vehicles that will improve our environment and strengthen our economy."
The Obama administration forecasted that with the standard, around 250 million metric tons of greenhouse gas emissions will be eradicated and over the lives of vehicles produced within the program's first five years -- approximately500 million barrels of oil will be saved.
The rules will put an additional $7.7 billion in added costs to new vehicles Ãƒ‚Ã¢€” or anywhere between $225 to $1,400 per annum for heavy-duty pickups and vans Ãƒ‚Ã¢€” to as much as $6,150 for new tractor-trailers.
The proposal "misses some important opportunities to save fuel," said Therese Langer, director of the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. According to her, a published study by a National Academy of Sciences this year reveals how long-haul tractor-trailers could lessen their fuel consumption by at least 35 percent by the year 2017. The measures they are going to use to achieve this will pay for themselves in two years. Yet, said Therese Langer, the proposed rule demands for no more than 20 percent savings.
The regulations was praise by a "clean vehicles" expert at the Natural Resources Defense Council named Luke Tonachel.
He said, "Heavy trucks and buses are the energy hogs of America's roadways, but they don't have to be." He continues, "With more efficient engines, aerodynamic bodies and cleaner fuels, our nation's truck fleets can run cleaner and cheaper. These new standards will save truck owners and consumers money."
In general, NHTSA and EPA guess that the thundering national program would offer $49 billion in benefits Ãƒ‚Ã¢€” or $41 net benefits over the lifetime of model year 2014 to 2018 vehicles after deducting the costs of the vehicles.
Truck drivers would enjoy fuel efficiency gains of 7 to 20 percent. As an example, it is approximated that an operator of a semi-tractor trailer can spend for the technology upgrades in less than a year, and save for all intents and purposes $74,000 over the truck's life.
Corresponding to 37,000 companies, the American Trucking Associations (ATA) supports a national fuel-economy standard and aims to check out the rule before remarking on the proposal, according to spokesman Brandon Borgna.
The Union of Concerned Scientists -- a Massachusetts-based environmental group -- said the work trucks embraced by the proposal compose 4 percent of U.S. vehicles while charging 20 percent of the oil exhausted. The group also said that long-haul tractor-trailers get about 6.5 mpg.
Chairman of the American Truck Dealers and owner of Kenworth Sales Co. in Salt Lake City, Utah, Kyle Treadway, said that while dealers back ameliorating fuel economy for medium and heavy-duty trucks, they are "concerned that this could price some buyers out of the market."
"If technologically feasible and economically practical, they should result in vehicles that commercial fleets, owner/operators and small businesses will want to buy, at prices they can afford," Treadway said. "If not, truck dealers, their employees and the economy in general will suffer without environmental and national security benefits being achieved."
Monday's undertaking dogs the footsteps of an April 1 proclamation laying down rules to bolster U.S. automobile fuel-economy standards by nearly 30 percent over the next six years.
An average of 35.5 miles mpg for 2016 model-year cars and light trucks, up from 27.3 mpg are what manufacturers must accomplish in the year 2011.